Thursday, July 1, 2021

Low vaccination rates are driving a surge of COVID-19 cases in southwest Missouri, indicating that rural "Red America" has a life-threatening problem on its hands

Hospitals in Springfield, MO, are near capacity


Missouri is No. 1 in the country for its rate of new COVID-19 cases, and the surge is particularly acute in southwest Missouri, where I grew up and where Mrs. Schnauzer and I now live. The news even caught the attention of The New York Times (NYT), which reports that such spikes around the country appear to correlate with low vaccination rates and distrust of government, apparently driven by right-wing politics -- and the Republican Party certainly dominates here in the Ozark Mountains.

On top of that, the Delta variant has taken hold, increasing the number of COVID cases that require hospitalization -- straining the region's health-care systems. Mrs. Schnauzer and I have been fully vaccinated for several weeks, and the process was convenient and pain free. The professionals at CoxHealth in Springfield administered our shots with care and precision, in an environment that was downright pleasant. But Mrs. Schnauzer and I are not throwing away our masks because so many Ozarkians refuse to get shots that could save their lives.

Are people in this region so indoctrinated with Trumpism that it has impaired their judgment? Have they digested so many Trump lies that they are disconnected from reality? What has happened to a state that I once was proud to call home.? An NYT newsletter provides insight in a piece that indicates the COVID crisis is far from over. Writes David Leonhardt under the headline "Heavily Republican areas of the U.S. have a growing Covid problem":

There was a strange Covid-19 pattern in the U.S. for much of this spring. The virus was not spreading any faster in communities with low vaccination rates than in those with high vaccination rates.

How could this have been? There were probably a few reasons. Many less vaccinated areas were in the South, where warm spring weather allowed people to socialize in the relative safety of the outdoors. Natural immunity might also have played a role — because people who have already had this coronavirus have at least some degree of protection against it.

The pattern helped feed an impression among some Americans that Covid was in retreat, regardless of how much progress a community had made in getting shots into arms. In one poll of Tennessee residents last month, 51 percent agreed with the statement that “the Covid-19 pandemic is largely over.”

But the pandemic is not over. Covid remains a serious threat to unvaccinated adults, especially those middle-aged or older. And now the surprising trends from the spring may be coming to an end: Cases have begun to rise more rapidly in communities with lower vaccination rates.

Leonhardt compares the situation in Missouri to that in Marin County, CA, near San Francisco, noting the now clear tie between vaccination rates and a decline in caseloads:

One likely explanation is that vaccination rates have risen high enough in some communities to crush the spread of Covid. In the spring, these places were still coping with significant outbreaks, but they aren’t anymore.

In Marin County, just over the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco, for instance, more than 90 percent of people aged 12 and above have received at least one shot. As a result, Marin has virtually extinguished the virus, with only three new confirmed cases per day in recent weeks.

A second explanation for the new divergence between more and less vaccinated places is the Delta variant. It appears to be making vaccination even more valuable. The vaccines are effective against Delta, sharply reducing the chances of infection and nearly eliminating any chance of serious illness. For unvaccinated people, however, Delta is significantly more contagious than earlier variants.

Missouri offers the clearest example. Over the past week, it has reported more new Covid cases per capita than any other state, and they are concentrated in rural areas that have low vaccination rates, as Charles Gaba, a health care analyst, has noted. In the parts of the state with high vaccination rates — like the metro areas of Kansas City, St. Louis and Columbia — the number of new cases remains very low.

That, however, is not the case in Greene County -- where we live -- and the rural areas in the highly conservative southern half of the state. Leonhardt, in fact, calls it "Red America's problem." But it affects strongly blue voters, like Mrs. Schnauzer and me:

There is a political angle to these trends, of course. The places with the lowest vaccination rates tend to be heavily Republican. In an average U.S. county that voted for Donald Trump, only 34 percent of people are fully vaccinated, according to New York Times data. In an average country that voted for Joe Biden, the share is 45 percent (and the share that has received at least one shot is higher).

No wonder, then, that the number of new cases keeps falling in Biden counties, while it has begun to rise in Trump counties.

In previous newsletters, I have pointed out some of the questionable ways that liberal communities have responded to the current phase of the pandemic, such as keeping schools partly closed and insisting on masks for the vaccinated. But conservative communities have their own problems with Covid behavior. Many Republican voters have not taken the disease very seriously and also have irrational fears about the vaccines.

It’s too early to know whether the recent trends will continue and cases will continue to rise in communities with low vaccination rates. But further increases do seem to be the most likely scenario, based on the experience with Delta in other countries where it is already widespread. Worldwide, cases have risen in recent days, after having fallen for most of the past two months. (You can see the data here.)

Vaccination is how this pandemic ends. And the Delta variant seems to be raising the human cost of vaccine skepticism.


Anonymous said...

Do some people not realize this virus can be fatal -- as in you are dead, finito?

legalschnauzer said...

You have to wonder. The worldwide death toll is at 3.9 million, and we probably will have a bunch of stories soon when that number hits 4 million.

The U.S. death toll is more than 620,000.

I think we're lost track of just how horrifying those numbers.

legalschnauzer said...

Imagine how awful the numbers would be if Trump had been re-elected. His administration was too incompetent to ever get us out of the woods on this. I don't think it's certain we ever will be rid of this virus, even though Biden is doing a lot of things right.

It takes a committed public, and I'm not sure we have that.

Anonymous said...

LS: Our experience getting vaccinated was like yours, very efficient and professional.

legalschnauzer said...

Reagan convinced a lot of Americans that the government can't do anything right. If the skeptical would go and get their shots, they would see how wrong he was. We got our shots at a very nice, clean gymnasium; it even smelled good. Made me wish I had brought a basketball and hoop shoes with me. Unfortunately, the hoops had been pulled up toward he ceiling, so making a shot would have been tough. If I had found somebody to play with, without getting in the way of the vaccinations, it would have been a low-scoring game. Anyway, the whole process was very well managed.I was impressed, and it made me feel good about our country.

Anonymous said...

You mean Missouri is more backward than Alabama, even Mississippi? Jeez, that's shameful. Has joining the SEC made them think like Sooutherners?

legalschnauzer said...

Yep, we're worst in the country for new COVID cases right now. Don't know if MU joining the SEC is part of it. But the southern half of the state might as well be called the "Heart of Dixie," maybe annexed with Arkansas and Mississippi.

legalschnauzer said...

From Daily Beast: COVID-19 Is Rising in the Ozarks, and Time Is Running Out

Some of us in the biomedical scientific community predicted that low vaccination coverage in Southern states, together with the emergence of the highly transmissible delta variant of the SARS-2 coronavirus, would precipitate COVID-19 outbreaks or even a resurgence this summer.

Right on cue, the start of summer is coinciding with COVID-19 resurfacing in force in the Ozark states of Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma.

These three states are now seeing some of the fastest-growing new seven-day case increases in the nation. Not surprisingly, Freeman Health System located in Joplin—one of the worst-affected areas so far this summer—just reopened its COVID ward after shutting down in March, and Southwest Missouri ICUs are reportedly filling up.

e.a.f. said...

Just don't understand why people won't go for their shots. The Canadian provincial, territorial, and federal governments did a great job. No fuss, no muss.

Have had both shots and no problems. No side effects, didn't even feel the needle going in.

Some people wouldn't wear face masks, some won't get their shots, some think its a hoax, some think it violates their rights. All I know is, I didn't want to die before the movie was over. Wore the masks, didn't go out unless I went grocery shopping once every couple or 3 weeks. Just hope I don't get run over by a truck after all of that.

WE have entered a new phase in the world, not only do we have climate change, we have COVID. Can't imagine in your state being so silly as to not want to have their shots. Perhaps they are just afraid of the needles. Well when I was in high school, when we went to get our shots for whatever, it was usually the boys who fainted. Perhaps it would be interesting to know if males in your state are less likely to be vaccinated then women. They might find their answer there. Those guys are just scared of needles.